Wound Healing: In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation of a Bio-Functionalized Scaffold Based on Hyaluronic Acid and Platelet-Rich Plasma in Chronic Ulcers

Simone Garcovich, Barbara De Angelis, Margarida Fernandes Lopes Morais D'Autilio, Fabrizio Orlandi, Giampiero Pepe, Maria Giovanna Scioli, Augusto Orlandi, Valerio Cervelli, Pietro Gentile

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

Chronic ulcers are characterized by loss of substance without a normal tendency towards spontaneous healing. The Wound Bed Preparation Guideline advises that after diagnosis, the expert should correct the biological state of the ulcer micro-environment based on TIME principles (Tissue, Infection, Moisture balance, Epidermal). There are many ways to treat such ulcers, for example through use of advanced dressings, negative pressure, surgical toilets, dermal substitutes, autologous skin grafting, and free or local flaps. In vitro and in vivo pre-clinical models hold widely acknowledged potential yet complex limitations. Tissue bioengineering could be an ideal approach to foster innovative strategies in wound healing. Our observational study reports on an in vitro and in vivo evaluation of a bio-functionalized scaffold composed of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and hyaluronic acid (HA) used in 182 patients affected by chronic ulcers (diabetic and vascular), comparing the results with a control group of 182 patients treated with traditional dressings (HA alone). After 30 days the patients who had undergone the combined treatment (PRP + HA), showed 96.8% +/- 1.5% re-epithelialization, as compared to 78.4% +/- 4.4% in the control group (HA only). Within 80 days, they had 98.4% +/- 1.3% re-epithelialization as compared to 87.8% +/- 4.1% in the control group (HA only; p < 0.05). No local recurrence was observed during the follow-up period. PRP + HA treatment showed stronger regenerative potential in terms of epidermal proliferation and dermal renewal compared with HA alone.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1486-1501
Numero di pagine16
RivistaJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume8
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • hyaluronic acid
  • platelet-rich plasma
  • regenerative plastic surgery
  • wound healing

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