Working conditions and mental health in teachers: a preliminary study

Ivan Borrelli, Gino Pozzi, P. Benevene, C. Fiorilli, F. D'Amelio

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

39 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Unfavourable working conditions are associated with poor mental health and many studies show that teachers are at risk of this. AIMS:To investigate if and to what extent specific dimensions of working conditions are associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety in teachers in state schools in Italy. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey of Italian state schoolteachers using the Karasek Job Content Questionnaire, the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). We tested the hypotheses that high job demand, low decision latitude and low support are associated with anxiety and depression in teachers using a correlation matrix and hierarchical multiple regression models. RESULTS: 113/180 (63%) of schoolteachers invited to participate completed the survey. 49% scored above the cut-off on CES-D and 11% on SAS. CES-D was positively correlated with job demand (r = 0.517, P < 0.01) and negatively with social support (r = -0.226, P < 0.05). SAS was positively correlated with job demand (r = 0.408, P < 0.01). Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that job demand was significantly associated with CES-D and SAS scores, explaining 28 and 25% of variance respectively. CONCLUSIONS: About half of the teachers in this study scored above the threshold for depression and ~1 in 10 for anxiety on self-rating questionnaires. Poor mental health in teachers is significantly associated with high job demand and low social support. These results should be confirmed in larger, more representative samples.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)530-532
Numero di pagine3
RivistaOccupational Medicine
Volume64
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014

Keywords

  • mental health

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