Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome: report of an autosomal dominant variant

Bianca Rocca, Raimondo De Cristofaro, A Bellacosa, G Neri, M Della Ventura, N Maggiano, C Rumi, R. Landolfi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

28 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked recessive disorder originally described as a clinical triad of thrombocytopenia with small platelets, eczema, and immunodeficiency. Impaired CD43 glycoprotein expression on lymphocytes is a typical hallmark of this disorder. The CD43 gene is located on chromosome 16, and the WAS gene, WASP, was recently isolated from the chromosome X p11.22-p11.23. This gene, mutated in WAS patients, encodes a protein that is likely to play a role in controlling the expression of CD43. However, the molecular mechanism(s) causing WAS are not yet known. Herein, we describe a three-generation family in which clinical and laboratory WAS features were expressed in six of nine subjects available for study. At variance with classic X-linked WAS, this disorder was characterized by the presence of thrombocytopenia with a broad spectrum of platelet size, including giant platelets, and was inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. This last finding led us to hypothesize a mutation of the CD43 gene. However, Southern blot analysis failed to detect structural abnormalities of this gene, and genotype analysis ruled out the possibility that a CD43 allele might be shared by the affected individuals. These findings indicate that an alteration(s) of an autosomal gene distinct from the CD43 gene is responsible for the disease. Thus, results from this family, providing the first observation of an autosomally transmitted WAS variant, indicate that genetic mechanism(s) leading to WAS are more complex than previously recognized.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)4538-4543
Numero di pagine6
RivistaBlood
Volume87
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 1996

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antigens, CD
  • Antigens, CD43
  • Base Sequence
  • Blood Platelets
  • Cell Size
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16
  • Female
  • Genes, Dominant
  • Genetic Heterogeneity
  • Humans
  • Lymphocytes
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Pedigree
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sialoglycoproteins
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome
  • X Chromosome

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