Where is the mafia in Italy? Measuring the presence of the mafia across Italian provinces

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

55 Citazioni (Scopus)


This article presents the Mafia Index (MI), an index measuring the presence of mafias at the provincial level. In the abundant literature on Italian mafias, relatively few stud-ies have attempted to measure the presence of mafias across the country. A review of previous attempts points out the limitations and methodological shortcomings of exist-ing measurements. The study provides an operational definition of ‘mafia’ and selects the most appropriate indicators and variables according to multiple criteria. The MI combines data on mafia-type associations, mafia murders, city councils dissolved for infiltration by organised crime, and assets confiscated from organised crime and covers the period between 1983 and 2009. The MI highlights not only the strong concentration of the mafias in their original territories but also their significant presence in the central and northern provinces. This confirms that mafias should not be regarded as typically Southern Italian phenomena, but rather as a national problem
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)41-69
Numero di pagine29
RivistaGlobal Crime
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2011


  • Italy
  • Mafia
  • measurement
  • organized crime


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