Where Does Inflammation Fit?

Luigi Marzio Biasucci, Giovanna Liuzzo, Daniela Pedicino, Alessia D'Aiello, Mattia Galli

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

9 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of Review: This review focuses on the complex relationship between inflammation and the onset of acute coronary syndrome and heart failure. Recent Findings: In the last few years, two important lines of research brought new and essential information to light in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome: a) the understanding of the immune mediate mechanisms of inflammation in Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) and b) evidence that the inflammatory mechanisms associated with atherosclerosis and its complications can be modulated by anti-inflammatory molecules. A large amount of data also suggests that inflammation is a major component in the development and exacerbation of heart failure (HF), in a symbiotic relationship. In particular, recent evidence underlies peculiar aspects of the phenomenon: oxidative stress and autophagy; DAMPS and TLR-4 signaling activation; different macrophages lineage and the contribution of NLRP-3 inflammasome; adaptive immune system. A possible explanation that could unify the pathogenic mechanism of these different conditions is the rising evidence that increased bowel permeability may allow translation of gut microbioma product into the circulation. Summary: These findings clearly establish the role of inflammation as the great trigger for two of the major cardiovascular causes of death and morbidity. Further studies are needed, to better clarify the issue and to define more targeted approaches to reduce pathological inflammation while preserving the physiological one.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)84-N/A
RivistaCurrent Cardiology Reports
Volume19
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017

Keywords

  • Acute Coronary Syndrome
  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Autophagy
  • Coronary Artery Disease
  • Gastrointestinal Microbiome
  • Gut micrombioma
  • Heart Failure
  • Heart failure
  • Humans
  • Immune system
  • Inflammasomes
  • Inflammation
  • Macrophages
  • Myocardial Ischemia
  • Oxidative Stress

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