"What is fair for you?" judgments and decisions about fairness and theory of mind.

Davide Massaro, Antonella Marchetti, Ilaria Castelli, Alan Sanfey, Alan G. Sanfey

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

18 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Theory of Mind (ToM) is involved in decision making in strategic games with adults, while its results with children are still controversial, probably because the literature to date has not directly assessed children's concept of fairness. The goal of this research is to investigate what constitutes fairness across different age groups (children aged seven, eight and nine years) by assessing both their judgements and their decisions concerning the offers made by a social partner and then to relate this to ToM understanding by using second-order false-belief tasks. Results show that, across age groups, the concept of fairness evolves from divisions in one's advantage towards those of equality; although ToM is not related to the concept of fairness, it plays a role in the strategic behaviour that orients children to accept more equal divisions and to reject hyperfair divisions.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)49-62
Numero di pagine14
RivistaTHE EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
Volume11
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014

Keywords

  • DECISION
  • FAIRNESS
  • JUDGEMENT
  • THEORY OF MIND

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