What Danish and Estonian Can Show to a Modern Word-Prosodic Typology

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Abstract

The typology of word prosody is still a subject of debate. Tone and stress remain the central units of classification; however, there is not an established consensus about their definitions. In this chapter, I focus on two specific word-prosodic units with a non-pitch based primary phonetic exponent: prosodic quantity in Standard Estonian and prosodic laryngealization in Copenhagen Danish. I summarize their main phonetic and functional features with special attention placed on their relation to pitch and stress in the respective languages. I also compare these prosodic units with functionally similar cases of pitch-based word prosody in other languages and put them in the framework of mainstream word-prosodic typology. Both cases are challenging for the typology, as they are full-fledged phonological word-prosodic units, but do not qualify either as tone or as stress. In the end, I discuss a possible input from such cases into the debate on distinction between the notions of tone, stress, and accent.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteThe study of word stress and accent: theories, methods and data
EditorRob Goedemans, Jeffrey Heinz, Harry van der Hulst
Pagine102-144
Numero di pagine43
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018

Keywords

  • Danish
  • Estonian
  • phonology
  • word-prosodic typology

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