What are the contents of patient engagement interventions for older adults? A systematic review of randomized controlled trials

Guendalina Graffigna, Julia Paola Menichetti Delor, Aslak Steinsbekk

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

10 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To describe the contents of interventions reported in RCTs focusing on patient engagement of older adults. Methods: A systematic literature review based on a search for "patient engagement/activation/empowerment/involvement/participation". Interventions were classified according to: (i) specific components (micro level), (ii) single/multiple dimensions (educational, behavioral, affective) (meso level), and (iii) the studies' main educational, behavioral or affective dimension (macro level). Results: After screening 2749 articles, 35 were included. 20 unique components were identified, mostly behavioral or educational (45.5% each) (e.g., goal setting or written informational materials). Most interventions with a single-focus were classified as educational (31%), one was solely affective (3%). Half of the interventions covered more than one dimension, with four (11%) combining all three dimensions. Studies mainly focusing on the affective dimension included older participants (72 vs. 67 years), had a higher proportion of females (71% vs. 44%), and included other dimensions more frequently (67% vs. 31%) than did studies with a main focus on the educational dimension. Conclusion: The contents of the interventions that focused on patient engagement of older adults tend to focus more on behavioral and educational dimensions than the affective dimension. Practice implications: The possibility of adding the affective dimension into behavioral and/or educational interventions should be explored.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-15
Numero di pagine15
RivistaPatient Education and Counseling
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017

Keywords

  • Intervention classification
  • Medicine (all)
  • Older adults
  • Patient activation
  • Patient engagement
  • Systematic review

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