The aim of this study was to report the respiratory management of a cohort of infants admitted to a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) over a 7-year period due to severe burn injury and the potential benefits of noninvasive ventilation (NIV). A retrospective review of all pediatric patients admitted to PICU between 2009 and 2016 was conducted. From 2009 to 2016, 118 infants and children with burn injury were admitted to our institution (median age 16 months [IQR = 12.2-20]); 51.7% of them had face burns, 37.3% underwent tracheal intubation, and 30.5% had a PICU stay greater than 7 days. Ventilated patients had a longer PICU stay (13 days [IQR = 8-26] vs 4.5 days [IQR = 2-13]). Both ventilation requirement and TBSA% correlated with PICU stay (r =. 955, p <. 0001 and r =. 335, p =. 002, respectively), while ventilation was best related in those >1 week (r =. 964, p <. 0001 for ventilation, and r = -.079, p =. 680, for TBSA%). NIV was introduced in 10 patients, with the aim of shorten the invasive ventilation requirement. As evidenced in our work, mechanical ventilation is frequently needed in burned children admitted to PICU and it is one of the main factors influencing PICU length of stay. No difference was found in terms of PICU length of stay and invasive mechanical ventilation time between children who underwent NIV and children who did not, despite children who underwent NIV had a larger burn surface. NIV can possibly shorten the total invasive ventilation time and related complications.
- Noninvasive Ventilation