Volumetric analysis of cleft lip deformity using 3D stereophotogrammetry

Maria Ida Rizzo, Rajabtork Zadeh, Daria Bucci, Annapina Palmieri, Cristiano Monarca, Edoardo Staderini, Giorgio Oliva, Ettore Candida, Patrizia Gallenzi, Massimo Cordaro, Mario Zama

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

1 Citazioni (Scopus)


PURPOSE: To quantify and compare pre-operative and post-operative volumetric adjustments of the upper lip tissues in patients with cleft lip. METHODS: The authors performed an anthropometric study and a quantitative analysis of the differences based on three-dimensional morphology of the nasolabial area. Twenty facial images using the three-dimensional stereophotogrammetry were taken from ten selected subjects on two separate occasions, sitting in natural head position. Facial landmarks were marked and measurements recorded, in order to calculate the volumetric adjustments in the soft tissues of the upper lip, comparing the preoperative and postoperative results. Student test and p-Value were performed for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The analysis of the 3D images showed variability with the pre-and postoperative volumes of the nasolabial area with: an increase of upper lip volume all patients; a complete view of the severity in the preoperative; and an improvement of the appearance in the postoperative. The amount of increase of the upper lip volume was established about 29,7%. For all measurements, the variability between pre-and post-operative was significant (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The 3D stereophotogrammetry technique allows a detailed preoperative evaluation and an accurate assessment of the surgical outcomes. The study provides a value of volumetric variation of the upper lip in individuals with cleft lip.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)281-286
Numero di pagine6
RivistaAnnali Italiani di Chirurgia
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019


  • 3D Morphological Analysis
  • 3D Stereophotogrammetry
  • Cleft lip
  • Nasolabial area
  • Upper lip volume


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