An Open-Top Chambers experiment on Fagus sylvatica and Quercus robur seedlings has been conducted in order to compare the performance of an exposure-based (AOT40) and a flux-based approach in predicting the appearance of ozone visible injuries on leaves. Three different ozone treatments (charcoal-filtered; non-filtered; and open plots) and two soil moisture treatments (watered and non-watered plots) have been performed. A Jarvisian stomatal conductance model was drawn up and parameterised for both species and typical South-Alpine environmental conditions, thus allowing the calculation of ozone stomatal fluxes for every treatment. A critical ozone flux level for the onset of leaf visible injury in beech has been clearly identified between 32.6 and 33.6 mmol O3m-2. In contrast, it was not possible to identify an exposure critical level using the AOT40 index. Water stress delayed the onset of the leaf visible injuries, but the flux-based approach was able to accurately take it into account.
- FLUSSI DI OZONO
- sintomi fogliari