Vertical ozone gradients above forests. Comparison of different calculation options with direct ozone measurements above a mature forest and consequences for ozone risk assessment

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

7 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The estimation of the ozone (O3) stomatal dose absorbed by a forest is a crucial step for O3risk assessment. For this purpose, data on O3concentrations at the forest top-canopy are needed. However, O3is barely measured at that height, while more often it is measured at a lower height above a different surface, typically a grassland near to the forest edge. The DO3SE model for O3stomatal flux calculation estimates the top-canopy O3concentration in near neutral stability conditions. However, near-neutrality is quite rare in the field, particularly in southern Europe. In this work, we present a modification of the DO3SE gradient calculation scheme to include the atmospheric stability. The performance of the new calculation scheme was tested against the direct measurements above a mature forest. Different gradient estimation options were also tested and evaluated. These options include simplified gradient calculation schemes and the techniques of the tabulated gradients described in the UN/ECE Mapping Manual for O3risk assessment. The results highlight that the inclusion of the atmospheric stability in the DO3SE model greatly improves the accuracy of the stomatal dose estimation. However, the simpler technique of the tabulated gradients had the best performance on a whole-season time frame.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)337-N/A
Numero di pagine22
RivistaForests
Volume8
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017

Keywords

  • Atmospheric stability
  • Bosco fontana
  • Forestry
  • MOST
  • Mapping manual UN/ECE
  • Mature mixed oak-hornbeam forest
  • Ozone stomatal dose
  • Ozone vertical gradient

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