Vasodilator responses and endothelin-dependent vasoconstriction in metabolically healthy obesity and the metabolic syndrome

Nadia Mores, Carmine Cardillo, Francesca Schinzari, Micaela Iantorno, Umberto Campia, Valentina Rovella, Manfredi Tesauro, Nicola Di Daniele

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

30 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) do not present the cluster of metabolic abnormalities that define the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Whether MHO is associated with lower impairment of vasoreactivity than the MetS is unknown. For this purpose, forearm blood flow (FBF) responses were measured by strain-gauge plethysmography during the intra-arterial infusion of acetylcholine (ACh), sodium nitroprusside (SNP), and/or the selective endothelin type A (ETA) receptor blocker BQ-123 in 119 obese individuals with MHO (n = 34) or with the MetS (n = 85) and in healthy lean controls (n = 56). ACh and SNP caused a significant vasodilation in both obese and lean participants (all P < 0.001). However, the response to both agents was significantly lower in the obese than in the control group (both P < 0.001). Among the obese participants, the reactivity to ACh was higher in MHO than in MetS patients, whereas the responsiveness to SNP was equally impaired in both groups (P = 0.45). Infusion of BQ-123 significantly increased FBF in obese patients (P < 0001), but not in the lean participants; hence, FBF following ETA receptor blockade was higher in both obese groups than in controls (both P < 0.001). FBF response to BQ-123 was significantly higher in patients with the MetS than in those with MHO (P = 0.007). In conclusion, patients with MHO have abnormal vascular reactivity, although their endothelial dysfunction is less pronounced than in patients with the MetS. These findings indicate that obesity is associated with vascular damage independent of those metabolic abnormalities underlying the MetS.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)E787-E792
Numero di pagine5
RivistaAMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY: ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM
Volume309
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine
  • Adult
  • Endothelin-1
  • Endothelium, Vascular
  • Female
  • Forearm
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome X
  • Middle Aged
  • Nitroprusside
  • Obesity, Metabolically Benign
  • Peptides, Cyclic
  • Regional Blood Flow
  • Vasoconstriction
  • Vasodilation
  • endothelin-1
  • endothelium
  • metabolic syndrome
  • obesity
  • vasodilation

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