We report on a 3-year-old male with intellectual disability (ID), characteristic facial features, polydactyly and epilepsy carrying a paternally inherited 3q28 deletion of 1.9 Mb. The father, carrying the same deletion, presents with cleft palate, nail dystrophy and learning difficulties. The deleted region in this family is one of the smallest so far reported among genomic deletions affecting 3q27-3q28 for which some phenotypic descriptions are available. In particular, since the phenotype of our proband is strikingly similar to that previously described in a patient with a 9.3 Mb deletion, the deletion identified in this report contributes to the definition of the molecular boundaries of a genomic region responsible for a distinct clinical phenotype. Within the deleted interval there are 9 annotated genes, including TP63. Gain of function mutations of TP63 are known to be responsible for a group of conditions with distal limb and ectodermal involvement, such as ADULT, EEC, LMS, and SHFM4 syndromes. Interestingly, our cases demonstrate a milder phenotypic effect for loss of function of this gene.
|Numero di pagine||6|
|Rivista||European Journal of Medical Genetics|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2015|
- 3q28 deletion
- Intellectual disability