BACKGROUND:: An ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for the quantification of raltegravir (RTG) plasma concentrations in samples from HIV patients treated with the drug. METHODS:: Plasma samples were extracted by liquid-liquid extraction followed by evaporation to dryness and reconstitution in mobile phase. The chromatographic separation was carried out on an AQUITY UPLC C18 column with an isocratic mobile phase consisting of water containing 0.1% formic acid and acetonitrile containing 0.1% formic acid (50:50 vol/vol). The detection was performed on a triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer using multi-reaction monitoring via electrospray ionization source with positive ionization mode. RESULTS:: Under these conditions, a single chromatographic run could be completed within 1 minute. The method was validated by estimating the precision and the accuracy for inter- and intra-day analysis in the concentration range of 5-2560 ng/mL. The method was linear over the investigated range with all the correlation coefficients, r, greater than 0.995 on 5 replicates. The intra- and inter-day precision (percentage of coefficient of variation) ranged from 2.4% to 11.2%, and the inaccuracy (percent of relative standard deviation) ranged from 2.5% to 12.9%. No significant matrix effect was observed. The mean recovery value of RTG was 80%. CONCLUSIONS:: This rapid and sensitive method was validated and could be applied to pharmacokinetic studies for the determination of RTG concentrations in human plasma samples.
- UPLC-MS/MS Method Quantitative Analysis Raltegravir Plasmar