OBJECTIVE: Enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs) are an uncommon surgical problem, but they are characterized by a difficult management. Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) therapy is a method utilized for chronic and traumatic wound healing. At first, VAC therapy had been contraindicated in the treatment of intestinal fistulas, but as time went by, VAC therapy revealed itself to be a "Swiss knife multi-tool". This paper presents some clinical cases of enterocutaneous (ECF) and enteroatmospheric fistulas (EAF) treated with VAC therapy™. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The history of 8 patients treated for complex fistulas was revised. Four of them presented with enterocutaneous and four with enteroatmospheric fistulas. All were treated with VAC therapy with variations elaborated to help in accelerated closure of intestinal wall lesions. RESULTS: Four out of four ECFs closed spontaneously. In the EAF group, in three cases the fistula turned slowly into an entero-cutaneous fistula, and in one out of four it closed spontaneously. The mean length of VAC therapy™ was 35.5 days and that of spontaneous closure was 36.4 days. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study encourage the use of VAC therapy™ for the treatment of enterocutaneous fistulas. VAC therapy™ use has a double therapeutic value: (1) it promotes the healing of the skin and allows also the management of EAFs; (2) in selected cases, those in which it is possible to create a deep fistula tract ("well") it is possible to assist to a complete healing with closure of the ECFs.
|Numero di pagine||6|
|Rivista||European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2014|
- enteric fistula