Use of T-wave alternans in identifying patients with coronary artery disease

Gaetano Antonio Lanza, Filippo Crea, Alessandra Stazi, Gaetano Pinnacchio, Marianna Laurito, Angelo Villano, Giulio Russo, Maria Milo, Roberto Mollo, Stefano Figliozzi, Rossella Parrinello

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

AimsMicrovolt T-wave alternans (MTWA) has been found to predict fatal events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). In a previous study, we found that MTWA values are higher in patients with CAD, compared with apparently healthy individuals. In this study, we assessed the relation between CAD and MTWA in patients with a diagnosis based on coronary angiography results.MethodsWe studied 98 consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography for suspected CAD. All patients underwent a maximal exercise stress test (EST), and MTWA was measured in the precordial ECG leads. Patients were divided into three groups: 40 patients without any significant (>50%) stenosis (group 1); 47 patients with significant stenosis (group 2); and 11 patients with a previous percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) who had no evidence of restenosis (group 3). EST was repeated after 1 month in 24 group 2 patients who underwent PCI and in 17 group 1 patients.ResultsMTWA was significantly higher in group 2 (58.724V) compared with group 1 (34.2 +/- 15 V, P<0.01) and group 3 (43.2 +/- 24V, P<0.05). An MTWA greater than 60V had 95% specificity and 82% positive predictive value for obstructive CAD. At 1-month follow-up, MTWA decreased significantly in patients treated with PCI (from 61.3 +/- 22 to 43.5 +/- 17V; P<0.001), but not in group 1 patients (from 50.5 +/- 22 to 44.3 +/- 19 V, P=0.19).ConclusionMTWA is increased in patients with obstructive CAD and is reduced by coronary revascularization. An assessment of MTWA can be helpful in identifying which patients with suspected CAD are likely to show obstructive CAD on angiography.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)20-25
Numero di pagine6
RivistaJournal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Volume17
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2016

Keywords

  • T wave alternans
  • coronary artery disease
  • exercise stress test
  • myocardial ischemia

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