Determination of cardiac output (CO) is crucial for perioperative monitoring of orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) recipients. A pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) has always been considered the "gold standard" of hemodynamic monitoring. The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of a transesophageal echo-Doppler device (ED) as a minimally invasive device to measure CO in OLT. ED was compared with the standard PAC technique taking into account the disease severity of OLT recipients as defined by the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score. We enrolled 42 cirrhotic patients scheduled for OLT 3 thermodilution CO measurements were taken by a PAC and the most recent ED measurement (CO(ED)) was also recorded. Paired measurements of CO were performed at standard times, unless there were additional clinical needs. Recipients were stratified into 3 groups according to MELD score: MELD score < or = 15 (14 patients); MELD score between 16 and 28 (17 patients); and MELD score > or = 29 (11 patients). We performed 495 paired measurements of CO. Mean bias was 0.34 +/- 0.9 L/min and limits of agreement were -1.46 and 2.14 L/min. In patients with MELD score <15, the bias was 0.12 +/- 0.55. The ED results were not interchangeable with PAC, because of the large limits of agreement. However, in cirrhotic patients with MELD scores <15, the precision of the new method was similar to that of PAC; therefore, in this subset of patients, it may represent a reliable alternative to PAC.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)198-200
Numero di pagine3
RivistaTransplantation Proceedings
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2009


  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
  • Cardiac Output
  • Catheterization
  • Echocardiography, Doppler
  • Humans
  • Liver Cirrhosis
  • Liver Neoplasms
  • Liver Transplantation
  • Monitoring, Intraoperative
  • Pulmonary Artery

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