Untargeted metabolomic profiling of three Crataegus species (hawthorn) and their in vitro biological activities

Gabriele Rocchetti, Luigi Lucini, Biancamaria Senizza, Gokhan Zengin, Mohamad Fawzi Mahomodally, Ismail Senkardes, Devina Lobine

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

3 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In this investigation, the chemical and biological profiles of three Turkish Crataegus species (Crataegus orientalis, Crataegus szovitsii and Crataegus tanacetifolia) were studied in order to provide the first comprehensive characterization and their health-promoting potential. In this respect, polyphenolic profiles were evaluated using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography–quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The in vitro antioxidant activities of the Crataegus samples were evaluated by using free-radical scavenging, phosphomolybdenum, ferrous-ion chelating, and reducing power assays. The inhibitory activities against α-glucosidase, amylase, cholinesterases (acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE)), and tyrosinase were also established. RESULTS: The untargeted metabolomic approach highlighted the effect of both extraction types and species on the phenolic profiles of different Crateagus tissues (i.e. leaves and twigs). The methanolic extracts showed the maximum radical scavenging and reducing activity in all test systems, whereas for ferrous-ion chelating assays the decocted and infused extracts showed the highest activity. Only the methanolic extracts were effective against AChE and BChE. The extract tested showed remarkable inhibitory effects against tyrosinase and α-glucosidase, whereas all the extracts exhibited modest inhibition against α-amylase. Overall, the twig extracts of the three species studied showed superior antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory activities. CONCLUSION: On the basis of these results, the three Crataegus species can be classified as potent bioresources for high-value phytochemicals, which warrant further investigations for developing novel nutraceuticals. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1998-2006
Numero di pagine9
RivistaJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume100
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Butyrylcholinesterase
  • Crataegus
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Metabolomics
  • Monophenol Monooxygenase
  • Phenols
  • Plant Extracts
  • Turkey
  • alpha-Amylases
  • alpha-Glucosidases
  • antioxidant
  • enzyme inhibitor
  • hawthorn
  • phytochemicals

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