Unraveling the Adipose Tissue Proteome of Transition Cows through Severe Negative Energy Balance

Viviana Greco, Cristian Piras, Valeria Maria Morittu, Anna Antonella Spina, Alessio Soggiu, Christelle Ramé, Eric Briant, Namya Mellouk, Bruno Tilocca, Luigi Bonizzi, Paola Roncada, Joëlle Dupont

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

3 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Fat mobilization in high-yielding dairy cows during early lactation occurs to overcome negative energy balance (NEB), caused by insufficient feed intake and the concomitant increased nutritional requirements. For this reason, adipose tissue represents an essential organ for healthy and performant lactation. However, only a few data are known about adipose tissue proteome and its metabolic status during peripartum. The aim of this study was to analyze the differential proteomics profiles of subcutaneous adipose tissue belonging to cows with different NEB scores (low NEB and severe NEB). Both groups were analyzed at three different time points (one month before calving, one and sixteen weeks after calving) that were related to different levels and rates of adipose tissue mobilization. The dataset highlighted the differential expression of the same four key proteins (annexin A2, actin-related protein 10, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, and fatty acid-binding protein) involved in lipid metabolism during all time points and of other 22 proteins typical of the other comparisons among remaining time points. The obtained dataset suggested that the individual variability in adipose tissue metabolism/mobilization/energy availability could be linked to the different outcomes in levels of energy balance and related physical complications among dairy cows during peripartum.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaAnimals
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • PROTEOMICS
  • energy requirements

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