Uniportal and three-portal video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy: analysis of the Italian video-assisted thoracic surgery group database

Elisa Meacci, Davide Tosi, Mario Nosotti, Gianluca Bonitta, Alessandra Mazzucco, Ilaria Righi, Paolo Mendogni, Lorenzo Rosso, Alessandro Palleschi, Gaetano Rocco, Roberto Crisci, M. Mancuso, F. Pernazza, M. Refai, L. Bortolotti, G. Rizzardi, G. Gargiulo, G. P. Dolci, R. Perkmann, F. ZaracaM. Benvenuti, D. Gavezzoli, R. Cherchi, P. Ferrari, F. Mucilli, P. Camplese, G. Melloni, F. Mazza, G. Cavallesco, P. Maniscalco, L. Voltolini, A. Gonfiotti, F. Stella, D. Argnani, G. L. Pariscenti, C. Surrente, C. Lopez, A. Droghetti, M. Giovanardi, C. Breda, F. Lo Giudice, M. Alloisio, E. Bottoni, L. Spaggiari, R. Gasparri, M. Torre, A. Rinaldo, M. Nosotti, L. Rosso, G. P. Negri, A. Bandiera, A. Stefani, P. Natali, M. Scarci, E. Pirondini, C. Curcio, D. Amore, G. Baietto, C. Casadio, S. Nicotra, A. Dell'Amore, A. Bertani, E. Russo, L. Ampollini, P. Carbognani, F. Puma, D. Vinci, C. Andreetti, C. Poggi, G. Cardillo, L. Luzzi, M. Ghisalberti, R. Crisci, G. Zaccagna, P. Lausi, F. Guerrera, D. Fontana, V. Della Beffa, A. Morelli, F. Londero, A. Imperatori, N. Rotolo, A. Terzi, A. Viti, M. Infante, C. Benato

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study compares the uniportal with the 3-portal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) by examining the data collected in the Italian VATS Group Database. The primary end point was early postoperative pain; secondary end points were intraoperative and postoperative complications, surgical time, number of dissected lymph nodes and length of stay.METHODS: This was an observational, retrospective, cohort, multicentre study on data collected by 49 Italian thoracic units. Inclusion criteria were clinical stage I-II non-small-cell lung cancer, uniportal or 3-portal VATS lobectomy and R0 resection. Exclusion criteria were cT3 disease, previous thoracic malignancy, induction therapy, significant comorbidities and conversion to other techniques. The pain parameter was dichotomized: the numeric rating scale <= 3 described mild pain, whereas the numeric rating scale score >3 described moderate/severe pain. The propensity score-adjusted generalized estimating equation was used to compare the uniportal with 3-portal lobectomy.RESULTS: Among 4338 patients enrolled from January 2014 to July 2017, 1980 met the inclusion criteria; 1808 patients underwent 3-portal lobectomy and 172 uniportal surgery. The adjusted generalized estimating equation regression model using the propensity score showed that over time pain decreased in both groups (P<0.001). There was a statistical difference on the second and third postoperative days; odds ratio (OR) 2.28 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.62-3.21; P<0.001] and OR 2.58 (95% CI 1.74-3.83; P<0.001), respectively. The uniportal-VATS group had higher operative time (P<0.001), shorter chest drain permanence (P<0.001) and shorter length of stay (P<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Data from the Italian VATS Group Database showed that in clinical practice uniportal lobectomy seems to entail a higher risk of moderate/severe pain on second and third postoperative days.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)714-721
Numero di pagine8
RivistaINTERACTIVE CARDIOVASCULAR AND THORACIC SURGERY
Volume29
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • Italian VATS Group
  • Lobectomy
  • Postoperative pain
  • Three-portal
  • Uniportal
  • Video-assisted thoracic surgery

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