Understanding 6th-century barbarian social organization and migration through paleogenomics

Caterina Giostra, Carlos Eduardo G. Amorim, Stefania Vai, Cosimo Posth, Alessandra Modi, István Koncz, Susanne Hakenbeck, Maria Cristina La Rocca, Balazs Mende, Dean Bobo, Walter Pohl, Paolo Francalacci, Tivadar Vida, Daniel Winger, Uta Von Freeden, Silvia Ghirotto, Martina Lari, Guido Barbujani, Johannes Krause, David CaramelliPatrick J. Geary, Krishna R. Veeramah

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

35 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite centuries of research, much about the barbarian migrations that took place between the fourth and sixth centuries in Europe remains hotly debated. To better understand this key era that marks the dawn of modern European societies, we obtained ancient genomic DNA from 63 samples from two cemeteries (from Hungary and Northern Italy) that have been previously associated with the Longobards, a barbarian people that ruled large parts of Italy for over 200 years after invading from Pannonia in 568 CE. Our dense cemetery-based sampling revealed that each cemetery was primarily organized around one large pedigree, suggesting that biological relationships played an important role in these early medieval societies. Moreover, we identified genetic structure in each cemetery involving at least two groups with different ancestry that were very distinct in terms of their funerary customs. Finally, our data are consistent with the proposed long-distance migration from Pannonia to Northern Italy.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-11
Numero di pagine11
RivistaNature Communications
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018

Keywords

  • DNA
  • Longobardi
  • Longobards
  • Paleogenetica
  • migration
  • migrazione
  • social organization
  • struttura sociale

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