Turning strategies in patients with cerebellar ataxia

Luca Padua, S Mari, M Serrao, C Casali, C Conte, A Ranavolo, F Draicchio, S Iavicoli, S Monamì, G Sandrini, F. Pierelli

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

25 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Turning while walking is a common but demanding task requiring modification of the motor program from linear walking to lateral turning and it is associated with a high risk of falls. Patients with cerebellar ataxia have unstable gait and report a high incidence of falls. In the present study, we investigated the motor strategies adopted by ataxic patients when performing turns of different degrees and directions of rotation. Ten ataxic patients and 10 controls were analyzed while performing 30°/90° turns to the right/left. We recorded the number of completed turn tasks, the number of steps needed, and the time taken to complete the task, time–distance parameters and the onset of head, trunk and pelvis reorientation. The ataxic patients were less able to complete 90° turns, displayed a greater stride width, shorter step length, and greater number of steps when turning, and were unable to flexibly adjust their stride width across the turning task. The duration of the turning task and of the segmental reorientation did not differ from control values. Our findings indicate that ataxic patients have more difficulties in performing large turns and adopt a series of compensatory strategy aimed at reducing the instability associated with turning, such as enlarge the base of support, shorten the step length, increase the number of steps, and use the “multi-step” rather than the “spin-turn” strategy. Given the high risk of falls related to this task, it would be useful to include turning training in the rehabilitation protocol of ataxic patients.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
Numero di pagine11
RivistaExperimental Brain Research
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2012

Keywords

  • Cerebellar ataxias
  • Gait analysis
  • Segmental reorientation
  • Turning

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