Tumorigenic and metastatic activity of human thyroid cancer stem cells

Matilde Todaro, Flora Iovino, Vincenzo Eterno, Patrizia Cammareri, Guido Gambara, Virginia Espina, Gaspare Gulotta, Francesco Dieli, Silvia Giordano, Ruggero De Maria Marchiano, Giorgio Stassi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

167 Citazioni (Scopus)


Thyroid carcinoma is the most common endocrine malignancy and the first cause of death among endocrine cancers. We show that the tumorigenic capacity in thyroid cancer is confined in a small subpopulation of stem-like cells with high aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDHhigh) activity and unlimited replication potential. ALDHhigh cells can be expanded indefinitely in vitro as tumor spheres, which retain the tumorigenic potential upon delivery in immunocompromised mice. Orthotopic injection of minute numbers of thyroid cancer stem cells recapitulates the behavior of the parental tumor, including the aggressive metastatic features of undifferentiated thyroid carcinomas, which are sustained by constitutive activation of cMet and Akt in thyroid cancer stem cells. The identification of tumorigenic and metastagenic thyroid cancer cells may provide unprecedented preclinical tools for development and preclinical validation of novel targeted therapies. ©2010 AACR.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)8874-8885
Numero di pagine12
RivistaCancer Research
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2010


  • Adenocarcinoma, Follicular
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aldehyde Dehydrogenase
  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cancer Research
  • Carcinoma
  • Carcinoma, Papillary
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Movement
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
  • Female
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Lung Neoplasms
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred NOD
  • Mice, Nude
  • Mice, SCID
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplastic Stem Cells
  • Oncology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Thyroid Gland
  • Thyroid Neoplasms
  • Tumor Stem Cell Assay
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
  • Young Adult


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