Tumor angiogenesis and progression are enhanced by Sema4D produced by tumor-associated macrophages

Luca Tamagnone, Jose Rafael Sierra, Simona Corso, Luisa Caione, Virna Cepero, Paolo Conrotto, Alessandro Cignetti, Wanda Piacibello, Atsushi Kumanogoh, Hitoshi Kikutani, Paolo Maria Comoglio, Silvia Giordano

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

192 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Increased evidence suggests that cancer-associated infiammation supports tumor growth and progression. We have previously shown that semaphorin 4D (Sema4D), a ligand produced by different cell types, is a proangiogenic molecule that acts by binding to its receptor, plexin B1, expressed on endothelial cells (Conrotto, P., D. Valdembri, S. Corso, G. Serini, L. Tamagnone, P.M. Comoglio, F. Bussolino, and S. Giordano. 2005. Blood. 105:4321 - 4329). The present work highlights the role of Sema4D produced by the tumor microenvironment on neoplastic angiogenesis. We show that in an environment lacking Sema4D, the ability of cancer cells to generate tumor masses and metastases is severely impaired. This condition can be explained by a defective vascularization inside the tumor. We demonstrate that tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are the main cells producing Sema4D within the tumor stroma and that their ability to produce Sema4D is critical for tumor angiogenesis and vessel maturation. This study helps to explain the protumoral role of infiammatory cells of the tumor stroma and leads to the identification of an angiogenic molecule that might be a novel therapeutic target.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1673-1685
Numero di pagine13
RivistaJOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE
Volume205
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2008

Keywords

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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