Chronic anterior uveitis is the most frequent among extra-articular manifestations of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and a relevant cause of ocular morbidity in children. Asymmetric arthritis, early onset disease, female sex, and anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) positivity are counted among risk factors for developing this complication. It usually has insidious onset and asymptomatic chronic-relapsing course, but the persistence of low-grade chronic inflammation can lead to irreversible structural ocular damage and to vision-threatening complications. For such reasons, achieving a complete absence of inflammation through early targeted and aggressive treatments is a primary therapeutic goal in these patients. This review is aimed at summarizing scientific evidence about biologic rescue therapy of JIA-related uveitis in patients who fail to achieve clinical remission, in spite of being treated with conventional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (cDMARDs) and at least one biologic tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitor. Interleukin (IL)-6 inhibition appears a promising and safe option for refractory JIA-related uveitis. Abatacept and rituximab proved to be beneficial as well, but their efficacy together with some safety concerns needs to be more extensively evaluated.