Transient tertiary structures in tau, an intrinsically disordered protein

Anna Battisti, Gabriele Ciasca, Alexander Tenenbaum

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

8 Citazioni (Scopus)


An intrinsically disordered protein (IDP) does not have a definite 3D structure, and because of its highly flexible nature it evolves dynamically in very large and diverse regions of the phase space. A standard molecular dynamics run can sample only a limited region of the latter; even though this kind of simulation may be effective in sampling local temporary secondary structures, it is not sufficient to highlight properties that require a larger sampling of the phase space to be detected, like transient tertiary structures. But if the structure of an IDP is dynamically evolved using metadynamics (an algorithm that keeps track of the regions of the phase space already sampled), the system can be forced to wander in a much larger region of the phase space. We have applied this procedure to the simulation of tau, one of the largest totally disordered proteins. Combining the results of the simulation with small-angle X-ray scattering yields a significant improvement in the sampling of the phase space in comparison with standard molecular dynamics, and provides evidence of extended hairpin- and paperclip-like transient tertiary structures of the molecule. The more persistent tertiary pattern is a hairpin folding encompassing part of the N-terminal, the proline-rich domain, the former repeat and a functionally relevant part of the second repeat.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1084-1092
Numero di pagine8
RivistaMolecular Simulation
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2013


  • idp
  • tau


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