Transcranial electrical and magnetic stimulation (tES and TMS) for addiction medicine: A consensus paper on the present state of the science and the road ahead

Hamed Ekhtiari, Hosna Tavakoli, Giovanni Addolorato, Chris Baeken, Antonello Bonci, Salvatore Campanella, Luis Castelo-Branco, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju, Vincent P. Clark, Eric Claus, Pinhas N. Dannon, Alessandra Del Felice, Tess Den Uyl, Marco Diana, Maria Letizia Diana, Massimo Di Giannantonio, John R. Fedota, Paul Fitzgerald, Luigi Gallimberti, Marie Grall-BronnecSarah C. Herremans, Martin J. Herrmann, Asif Jamil, Eman Khedr, Christos Kouimtsidis, Karolina Kozak, Evgeny Krupitsky, Claus Lamm, William V. Lechner, Graziella Madeo, Nastaran Malmir, Giovanni Martinotti, William M. Mcdonald, Chiara Montemitro, Ester M. Nakamura-Palacios, Mohammad Nasehi, Xavier Noël, Masoud Nosratabadi, Martin Paulus, Mauro Pettorruso, Basant Pradhan, Samir K. Praharaj, Haley Rafferty, Gregory Sahlem, Betty Jo Salmeron, Anne Sauvaget, Renée S. Schluter, Carmen Sergiou, Alireza Shahbabaie, Christine Sheffer, Primavera A. Spagnolo, Vaughn R. Steele, Ti-Fei Yuan, Josanne D.M. Van Dongen, Vincent Van Waes, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Antonio Verdejo-García, Ilse Verveer, Justine W. Welsh, Michael J. Wesley, Katie Witkiewitz, Fateme Yavari, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast, Laurie Zawertailo, Xiaochu Zhang, Yoon-Hee Cha, Tony P. George, Flavio Frohlich, Anna E. Goudriaan, Shirley Fecteau, Stacey B. Daughters, Elliot A. Stein, Felipe Fregni, Michael A. Nitsche, Abraham Zangen, Marom Bikson, Colleen A. Hanlon

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

54 Citazioni (Scopus)


There is growing interest in non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) as a novel treatment option for substance-use disorders (SUDs). Recent momentum stems from a foundation of preclinical neuroscience demonstrating links between neural circuits and drug consuming behavior, as well as recent FDA-approval of NIBS treatments for mental health disorders that share overlapping pathology with SUDs. As with any emerging field, enthusiasm must be tempered by reason; lessons learned from the past should be prudently applied to future therapies. Here, an international ensemble of experts provides an overview of the state of transcranial-electrical (tES) and transcranial-magnetic (TMS) stimulation applied in SUDs. This consensus paper provides a systematic literature review on published data – emphasizing the heterogeneity of methods and outcome measures while suggesting strategies to help bridge knowledge gaps. The goal of this effort is to provide the community with guidelines for best practices in tES/TMS SUD research. We hope this will accelerate the speed at which the community translates basic neuroscience into advanced neuromodulation tools for clinical practice in addiction medicine.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)118-140
Numero di pagine23
RivistaNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019


  • Addiction
  • Addiction Medicine
  • Humans
  • NIBS
  • Non-invasive brain stimulation
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Psychiatry
  • Substance use disorder
  • Substance-Related Disorders
  • Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation
  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
  • Transcranial electrical stimulation
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation
  • rTMS
  • tDCS
  • tES


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