Tomato Lycopene and Lung Cancer Prevention: From Experimental to Human Studies.

Maria Cristina Mele, Paola Palozza, Assunta Catalano, Rossella Emanuela Simone

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

59 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Increasing evidence suggests that tomato lycopene may be preventive against the formation and the development of lung cancer. Experimental studies demonstrated that lycopene may inhibit the growth of several cultured lung cancer cells and prevent lung tumorigenesis in animal models. Various mechanisms have been proposed to explain the growth-inhibitory effects of lycopene on lung cancer, including cell cycle arrest and/or apoptosis induction via a modulation of redox status, a regulation of growth factor signalling, changes in cell growth-related enzymes, an enhancement of gap junction communication and a prevention of smoke-induced inflammation. In addition, lycopene also inhibited cell invasion, angiogenesis, and metastasis. Several lycopene metabolites have been identified, raising the question as to whether the preventive effects of lycopene on cancer risk is, at least in part, due to its metabolites. This article reviews data on the cancer preventive activities of lycopene, possible mechanisms involved, and the relationship between lycopene consumption and human cancer risk
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2333-2357
Numero di pagine25
RivistaCancers
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2011

Keywords

  • Carotenoids
  • Lung cancer prevention
  • Lycopene
  • Lycopene metabolites

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