Thymopoiesis, regulatory T cells, and TCRVbeta expression in thymoma with and without myasthenia gravis, and modulatory effects of steroid therapy

Giovanni Scambia, Amelia Evoli, Andrea Fattorossi, Alessandra Battaglia, Alexia Buzzonetti, Giacomo Maria Minicuci, R Riso, L Peri

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

16 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyzed thymocyte and thymic regulatory T cell (CD4SPCD25+Foxp3+cells, Treg) development in thymoma with and without myasthenia gravis (MG, MG-thymoma, non-MG-thymoma) and in MG-associated non-neoplastic thymus (MG-NNT). An increased number of immature CD4+CD8(-)CD3(-) thymocytes through the CD4+CD8+ to CD4+CD8(-) transition and an abnormal T cell receptor Vbeta (TCRVbeta) development through the CD4+CD8+ to CD4(-)CD8+ transition were seen both in MG-and non-MG-thymomas. Terminal thymopoiesis, i.e., CD45RA+ cells within the CD4+CD8(-)CD3+ and CD8+CD4(-)CD3+ subsets, was skewed towards the CD4+ compartment in MG-thymoma and CD8+ compartment in non-MG-thymoma, but thymic export was increased only in the latter in keeping with the hypothesis that CD8+ lymphocytes may play a role in the initial stages of autosensitization and in disagreement with the relevance of an increased output of CD4+ T lymphocytes in paraneoplastic MG. Treg level in normal thymus and MG-NNT and both MG- and non-MG-thymoma was similar, and TCRVbeta development in Treg cells was slightly altered in thymoma but irrespective of MG presence. Thus, the relevance of a defective Treg development in MG context remains to be established. Most alterations in thymopoiesis were corrected by therapeutic corticosteroid administration, and the effects of steroid administration may be mediated by thymic microenvironment.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)194-206
Numero di pagine13
RivistaJournal of Clinical Immunology
Volume28
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2008

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antigens, CD
  • Antigens, CD3
  • Antigens, CD45
  • CD4 Lymphocyte Count
  • CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes
  • Female
  • Forkhead Transcription Factors
  • Humans
  • Immunophenotyping
  • Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit
  • Lymphocyte Count
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Prednisone
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta
  • T-Lymphocyte Subsets
  • T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
  • Thymoma
  • Thymus Gland

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