OBJECTIVE: The pressure-volume (P/V) curve has been proposed as a tool to adjust the ventilatory settings in cases of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The aim of this study was to test the influence of P/V tracing methodology on the presence and value of the upper inflection point (UIP). METHODS: In 13 medical ARDS patients, the interruption and the automated low flow inflation methods were compared while the patients were ventilated at conventional (10-12 ml/kg) and at low (5-6 ml/kg) tidal volume (Vt). Two levels of inspiratory flow and insufflation time were used (3 and 6 s). RESULTS: No significant difference in UIP was found between the static and the dynamic methods, whatever the flow used. At Vt 10-12 ml/kg, the static and dynamic UIPs were 22.4 +/- 4.4 cmH(2)O and 22.1 +/- 4.5 cmH(2)O ( p = 0.86), respectively; at Vt of 5-6 ml/kg, the static and dynamic UIPs were 26.6 +/- 4.1 cmH(2)O and 25.5 +/- 5 cmH(2)O ( p = 0.34), respectively. Significant differences in UIP were found, in the static and dynamic conditions, between the two levels of Vt ( p < 0.005): it was lower with the higher Vt, suggesting that UIP is dependent on previous tidal alveolar recruitment. CONCLUSION: Interruption and continuous flow techniques gave similar results, but the previous Vt influences the pressure value of the UIP.
|Numero di pagine||8|
|Rivista||Intensive Care Medicine|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2002|
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- Mechanical ventilation