The State of the Evidence about the Family and Community Nurse: A Systematic Review

Serena Barello, Federica Dellafiore, Rosario Caruso, Michela Cossu, Sara Russo, Irene Baroni, Ida Vangone, Gianluca Conte, Arianna Magon, Alessandro Stievano, Cristina Arrigoni

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

Introduction. The increase in chronic degenerative diseases poses many challenges to the efficacy and sustainability of healthcare systems, establishing the family and community nurse (FCN) who delivers primary care as a strategic role. FCNs, indeed, can embrace the complexity of the current healthcare demand, sustain the ageing of the population, and focus on illness prevention and health promotion, ensuring a continuous and coordinated integration between hospitals and primary care ser. The literature on FCNs is rich but diverse. This study aimed to critically summarise the literature about the FCN, providing an overall view of the recent evidence. Methods. A state-of-art systematic review was performed on PubMed, CINAHL, and Scopus, employing the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement and checklist to guide the search and reporting. Results. Five interpretative themes emerged from the 90 included articles: clinical practice, core competencies, outcomes, Organisational and educational models, and advanced training program. Conclusions. FCNs can make a major contribution to a population’s health, playing a key role in understanding and responding to patients’ needs. Even if the investment in prevention does not guarantee immediate required strategies and foresight on the part of decisionmakers, it is imperative to invest more political, institutional, and economic resources to support and ensure the FCNs’ competencies and their professional autonomy.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)4382-N/A
RivistaInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022

Keywords

  • community nurse
  • family nurse
  • patient-centred care
  • Models, Educational
  • Hospitals
  • Humans
  • Delivery of Health Care
  • state-of-art systematic review

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