The role of b cells in pe pathophysiology: A potential target for perinatal cell-based therapy?

Andrea Papait, Ornella Parolini, Alice Masserdotti, Marta Magatti, Anna Cargnoni, Francesca Romana Stefani, Antonietta Rosa Silini

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

The pathophysiology of preeclampsia (PE) is poorly understood; however, there is a large body of evidence that suggests a role of immune cells in the development of PE. Amongst these, B cells are a dominant element in the pathogenesis of PE, and they have been shown to play an important role in various immune-mediated diseases, both as pro-inflammatory and regulatory cells. Perinatal cells are defined as cells from birth-associated tissues isolated from term placentas and fetal annexes and more specifically from the amniotic membrane, chorionic membrane, chorionic villi, umbilical cord (including Wharton’s jelly), the basal plate, and the amniotic fluid. They have drawn particular attention in recent years due to their ability to modulate several aspects of immunity, making them promising candidates for the prevention and treatment of various immune-mediated diseases. In this review we describe main findings regarding the multifaceted in vitro and in vivo immunomodulatory properties of perinatal cells, with a focus on B lymphocytes. Indeed, we discuss evidence on the ability of perinatal cells to inhibit B cell proliferation, impair B cell differentiation, and promote regulatory B cell formation. Therefore, the findings discussed herein unveil the possibility to modulate B cell activation and function by exploiting perinatal immunomodulatory properties, thus possibly representing a novel therapeutic strategy in PE.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)3405-N/A
RivistaInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume22
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021

Keywords

  • Amnion
  • Autoantibodies
  • B cells
  • Perinatal cells
  • Placenta
  • Preeclampsia
  • Umbilical cord

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