The Role of Auditory and Visual Components in Reading Training: No Additional Effect of Synchronized Visual Cue in a Rhythm-Based Intervention for Dyslexia

Alice Cancer, Alessandro Antonietti, Marinella De Salvatore, Elisa Granocchio, Luca Andreoli, Daniela Sarti

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Based on the transfer effects of music training on the phonological and reading abilities of children with dyslexia, a computerized rhythmic intervention—the Rhythmic Reading Training (RRT)—was developed, in which reading exercises are combined with a rhythmic synchronization task. This rehabilitation program was previously tested in multiple controlled clinical trials, which confirmed its effectiveness in improving the reading skills of children and adolescents with dyslexia. In order to assess the specific contribution of the visual component of the training, namely, the presence of a visual cue supporting rhythmic synchronization, a controlled experimental study was conducted. Fifty-eight students with dyslexia aged 8 to 13 years were assigned to three conditions: (a) RRT auditory and visual condition, in which a visual cue was synchronized with the rhythmic stimulation; (b) RRT auditory-only condition, in which the visual cue was excluded; (c) no intervention. Comparisons of the participants’ performance before, after, and 3 months after the end of the intervention period revealed the significant immediate and long-term effect of both RRT conditions on reading, rapid naming, phonological, rhythmic, and attentional abilities. No significant differences were found between visual and auditory conditions, therefore showing no additional contribution of the visual component to the improvements induced by the RRT. Clinical Trial ID: NCT04995991.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-12
Numero di pagine12
RivistaAPPLIED SCIENCES
Volume12
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022

Keywords

  • dyslexia
  • intervention
  • rhythm
  • temporal anticipation
  • visual cognition

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