The relationship between personality and neurocognition among the american elderly: An epidemiologic study

Pietro Cipresso, Daniela Alicia Albesi, Nelson Mauro Maldonato, Raffaele Sperandeo, Silvia Dell’Orco, Pasquale Cozzolino, Maria Luigia Fusco, Vittoria Silviana Iorio, Daniela Albesi, Patrizia Marone, Nicole Nascivera

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

15 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although different personality traits have often been associated with different levels of mental activity and cognitive functioning, no previous studies have evaluated the association in a sample that mirrors a nationally-representative sample of elderly individuals. Objective: To evaluate the association between personality traits and neurocognitive functioning among individuals 51 years and older using the Cognition and Aging in the USA (CogUSA) database. Methods: We analyzed the association between personality traits and neurocognitive scores derived from Waves I and II of the study. Neurocognitive functions were modeled as an outcome variable using the Big Five Personality Traits as predictors. Results: All personality traits were associated with higher education except Conscientiousness. Older age was associated with higher levels of the Agreeableness and Openness traits. Extraversion, Conscientiousness and Openness were positively associated with increased neurocognitive function and self-rated present memory. Extraversion and Openness also had a positive association with long-term retrieval. Agreeableness was negatively associated with several neurocognitive functions, while Neuroticism was negatively associated with memory and cognitive effort. Conclusion: Extraversion, Conscientiousness and Openness personality traits are associated with good cognitive health. Individuals scoring high in Neuroticism and Agreeableness might benefit from tailored cognitive interventions to prevent age-related cognitive decline.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)233-245
Numero di pagine13
RivistaClinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health
Volume13
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017

Keywords

  • Big-five
  • Cognitive ability
  • Epidemiology
  • Neurocognitive function
  • Older adults
  • Personality
  • Psychiatry and Mental Health

Fingerprint Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'The relationship between personality and neurocognition among the american elderly: An epidemiologic study'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo