The Relationship between Ischemic Optic Neuropathy and Internal Carotid Artery Dissection: A Systematic Review

Matteo Ripa, Neeraj Apoorva Shah, Chiara Schipa, Paola Aceto, Tommaso Donati

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista


Background: To evaluate and review the current evidence regarding the association between ischemic optic neuropathy (ION) and internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD). Methods: We systematically reviewed studies according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines (PRISMA), searching three databases (Scopus, Pubmed, and Embase) for relevant articles that clearly described the correlation between ION and ICAD. All studies that examined the association between ICAD and the development of ION were synthesized. Quality assessment using the Newcastle–Ottawa Scale (NOS) and Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Critical Appraisal Checklist for Case Reports and Case Series were conducted. Results: Our search yielded 198 manuscripts published in the English language. Following study screening, fourteen studies were selected. The number of participants with ION following ICAD ranged from one to four, with sixteen patients experiencing either anterior ION, posterior ION, or a combination of both. The anterior or posterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION and PION) patients’ ages were 48.75 ± 11.75 and 49.62 ± 12.85, respectively. Fourteen out of sixteen patients experienced spontaneous ICAD, whereas the traumatic etiology was ascertained in two patients. Conclusions: Hence, albeit rare, ophthalmologists should consider ICAD a potential cause of ION, especially in young adults with concomitant cephalic pain and vision reduction.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
Numero di pagine9
RivistaJournal of Clinical Medicine
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2024


  • internal carotid artery dissection
  • non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy
  • posterior ischemic optic neuropathy


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