Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.), the so-called ‘miracle tree’, has emerged as an excellent source of nutrients and functional components also in food applications. In this regard, Moringa is worldwide cultivated for its nutritional properties and for a variety of end-uses. The different portions of this plant (leaves, pods, seeds) have been widely studied for their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antihyperglycemic activities. Most of the functional activities reported in the literature are strictly related to its high content of polyphenols, bioactive peptides, carotenoids, and glucosinolates. Besides, a great interest is emerging towards the exploitation of Moringa as a value-added ingredient for both bakery and meat products. On these bases, considering the more recent literature about M. oleifera plant, this short review aims to highlight the different biological and potential food applications of M. oleifera parts and/or extracts as a source of bioactive compounds able to provide health-promoting properties.
- Food technology