The management of hemorrhoidal disease by dearterialization and mucopexy

Carlo Ratto, Francesco Litta, Angelo Parello, Raffaele Orefice, Angelo Alessandro Marra

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Several minimally invasive surgical procedures have been recently developed to treat hemorrhoids without any excision. About 25 years ago, a non-excisional procedure providing dop-pler-guided ligation of the hemorrhoidal arteries has been proposed-named “hemorrhoidal dearte-rialization”. The original technique has been modified over the years, and indications were expand-ed. In particular, a plication of the redundant and prolapsing mucosa/submucosa of the rectum (named “mucopexy”) has been introduced to treat hemorrhoidal prolapse, without excision of the hemorrhoidal piles. At present, the THD® Doppler procedure is one of the most used techniques to treat hemorrhoids. Aim of this technique is to realize a target dearterialization, using a Doppler probe with the final purpose to reduce the arterial overflow to the hemorrhoidal piles. In the case of associated hemorrhoidal prolapse, a mucopexy is performed together with Doppler-guided dearte-rialization. The entity and circumferential extension of the hemorrhoidal prolapse guide the mu-copexy, which can be considered tailored to a single patient; the dearterialization should be considered mandatory. Advantages of this surgical technique are the absence of serious and life-threaten-ing postoperative events, chronic complications, and limited recurrence risks. The impact of the procedure on the anorectal physiology is negligible. However, careful postoperative management is mandatory to avoid complications and to guarantee an improved long-term outcome. Therefore, regular physiologic bowel movements, excessive strain at the defecation and strong physical activity are advisable.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)60-66
Numero di pagine7
RivistaReviews on Recent Clinical Trials
Volume16
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021

Keywords

  • Dearterialization
  • Doppler
  • THD
  • Mucopexy
  • Surgery
  • Hemorrhoids

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