The isohydric cv. Montepulciano (Vitis vinifera L.) does not improve its whole-plant water use efficiency when subjected to pre-veraison water stress

Stefano Poni, Alberto Vercesi, Matteo Gatti, Marco Galbignani, Eugenio Magnanini, Fabio Bernizzoni, Maria Clara Merli

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

8 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding how water use efficiency (WUE) changes under drought is crucial for interpreting adaptive responses of species and cultivars to such abiotic stress. Several recent papers have concluded that in grapevine these responses and the guidelines stemming therefrom can differ, depending upon the parameter chosen to express WUE. In the present paper a complete set of WUE expressions, including the physiological and agronomical, were compared in potted, fruiting cv. Montepulciano (Vitis vinifera L.) grapevines which were either well watered (WW) or subjected to progressive pre-veraison drought (WS) by supplying decreasing fractions (i.e. 70%, 50% and 30% of daily vine transpiration, Tg) determined gravimetrically before vines were fully rewatered. While single-leaf intrinsic water-use efficiency (WUEi) increased with water stress severity, seasonal and diurnal whole-canopy WUE were similar at pre-stress, 70% Tg, and upon rewatering but dropped in WS during severe water stress. Agronomic WUE calculated as mass of dry weight stored in annual biomass (leaves, canes and bunches) per L of water used, was also lower in WS, whereas WS had similar must composition with WW despite a 37% reduction in the yield per vine. Results warn that whole-canopy WUE is a much better index than any single-leaf based WUE parameter for extrapolation to agronomic WUE and actual grape composition. Under our specific case study, it can be recommended that, to avoid significant profit loss, water supply to drought stressed Montepulciano at pre-veraison should not be lower than 70% of daily vine water use.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)103-111
Numero di pagine9
RivistaScientia Horticulturae
Volume179
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014

Keywords

  • Vitis vinifera
  • assimilation efficiency
  • biomass
  • cultivar
  • equilibrium
  • transpiration
  • water stress
  • water use efficiency

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