The ingestion of saturated fatty acid triacylglycerols acutely affects insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity in human subjects

Geltrude Mingrone, Melania Manco, Antonino Scarfone, A Bertuzzi, S Salinari, M Calvani, Av Greco

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

20 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

To assess the effects of acute dietary saturated fat intake on glucose-induced insulin secretion rate (ISR), measured by the C-peptide deconvolution method, and on insulin clearance and sensitivity, five obese and five normal-weight women (controls) were studied after either a 100 g oral butter load or a 100 ml water load. At 120 min after the oral load a hyperglycaemic clamp was performed over 180 min. A dramatic increase of ISR occurred after butter compared with the water challenge in the controls (1305.6 (SE 124.1) v. 616.1 (SE 52.5) pmol/min; P<0.01) and to a lesser degree in the obese subjects (1975.0 (SE 44.1) v. 1417.5 (se 56.0) pmol/min; P<0.05). Insulin sensitivity was impaired after butter (0.60 x 10(-2) (SE 0.11 x 10(-2)) v. 2.26 x 10(-2) (SE 0.32 x 10(-2)) ml/min per kg FFM per (pmol/l); P<0.01) in the controls but not in the obese group. Insulin clearance during the clamp was reduced after butter compared with after the water load only in the controls (0.89 (SE 0.22) v. 1.70 (SE 0.15) litres/min; P<0.01). The data are consistent with the hypothesis that acute excess lipid availability may lead to a compensatory elevation in glucose-induced insulin secretion as a result of the decline in insulin sensitivity and a reduced insulin clearance.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)895-903
Numero di pagine9
RivistaBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume92
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2004

Keywords

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose
  • Butter
  • C-Peptide
  • Dietary Fats
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified
  • Female
  • Glucose
  • Glucose Clamp Technique
  • Humans
  • Insulin
  • Obesity
  • Time Factors
  • Triglycerides

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