The important role of intensive induction chemotherapy in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia

Livio Pagano, Tara L. Lin

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Introduction: Intensive induction chemotherapy followed by post-remission consolidation and/or allogeneic hematopoietic transplantation has been a standard-of-care therapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) for decades. In recent years, a plethora of new agents have been approved for AML treatment, dramatically changing the AML treatment landscape. Areas covered: This review provides an overview of the current role of intensive chemotherapy in the changing AML treatment landscape. PubMed-indexed publications (through 2020) and abstracts presented at major national and international conferences were reviewed for inclusion. Expert opinion: While intensive chemotherapy is standard-of-care therapy for younger patients with AML, older patients were historically viewed as universally ineligible for intensive chemotherapy; however, several studies suggest many older patients benefit from intensive chemotherapy with a curative intent, and a more holistic approach to determining eligibility for intensive treatment is recommended. Intensive strategies have also been expanded to include novel chemotherapy designs and chemotherapy in combination with targeted agents for patients with certain disease characteristics, which may permit more personalized treatment decisions. Intensive chemotherapy continues to play a pivotal role for the management of many AML patients and can offer the best chance of long-term remission, especially when followed by transplantation.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)303-314
Numero di pagine12
RivistaExpert Review of Hematology
Volume14
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021

Keywords

  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • chemotherapy
  • clinical
  • elderly
  • high-dose therapy
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
  • Induction Chemotherapy
  • Remission Induction
  • Transplantation, Homologous
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Humans

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