The Impact of Workplace Violence on Headache and Sleep Problems in Nurses

Nicola Magnavita, Luca Mele, Igor Meraglia, Marco Merella, Maria Eugenia Vacca, Anna Cerrina, Maddalena Gabriele, Marcella Labella, Maria Teresa Soro, Simona Ursino, Carmela Matera

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista


Workplace violence (WV) is a significant occupational hazard for nurses. Previous studies have shown that WV has a reciprocal relationship with occupational stress. Headaches and sleep problems are early neuropsychological signs of distress. This cross-sectional study aims to ascertain the frequency of physical or verbal assaults on nurses and to study the association of WV with headaches and sleep problems. During their regular medical examination in the workplace, 550 nurses and nursing assistants (105 males, 19.1%; mean age 48.02 +/- 9.98 years) were asked to fill in a standardized questionnaire containing the Violent Incident Form (VIF) concerning the episodes of violence experienced, the Headache Impact Test (HIT-6) regarding headaches, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Inventory (PSQI) on sleep quality. Occupational stress was measured using the Effort/Reward Imbalance questionnaire (ERI). Physical and non-physical violence experienced in the previous year was reported by 7.5% and 17.5% of workers, respectively. In the univariate logistic regression models, the workers who experienced violence had an increased risk of headaches and sleep problems. After adjusting for sex, age, job type, and ERI, the relationship between physical violence and headaches remained significant (adjusted odds ratio aOR = 2.25; confidence interval CI95% = 1.11; 4.57). All forms of WV were significantly associated with poor sleep in a multivariate logistic regression model adjusted for sex, age, job type, and ERI (aOR = 2.35 CI95% = 1.44; 3.85). WV was also associated with the impact of headaches and with sleep quality. WV prevention may reduce the frequency of lasting psychoneurological symptoms, such as headaches and poor sleep quality, that interfere with the ability to work.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)13423-N/A
RivistaInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022


  • effort/reward imbalance
  • healthcare workers
  • workplace health promotion
  • quality of care
  • work ability
  • occupational risk


Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'The Impact of Workplace Violence on Headache and Sleep Problems in Nurses'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo