The immune response to tumors as a tool toward immunotherapy

Rossella Cianci, Antonio Astone, Franco Pandolfi, Fabio Casciano, Raffaele Landolfi, Carlo Antonio Barone, D Pagliari, C Bagalà

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

34 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Until recently cancer medical therapy was limited to chemotherapy that could not differentiate cancer cells from normal cells. More recently with the remarkable mushroom of immunology, newer tools became available, resulting in the novel possibility to attack cancer with the specificity of the immune system. Herein we will review some of the recent achievement of immunotherapy in such aggressive cancers as melanoma, prostatic cancer, colorectal carcinoma, and hematologic malignancies. Immunotherapy of tumors has developed several techniques: immune cell transfer, vaccines, immunobiological molecules such as monoclonal antibodies that improve the immune responses to tumors. This can be achieved by blocking pathways limiting the immune response, such as CTLA-4 or Tregs. Immunotherapy may also use cytokines especially proinflammatory cytokines to enhance the activity of cytotoxic T cells (CTLs) derived from tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs). The role of newly discovered cytokines remains to be investigated. Alternatively, an other mechanism consists in enhancing the expression of TAAs on tumor cells. Finally, monoclonal antibodies may be used to target oncogenes.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)894704-894704
Numero di pagine1
RivistaCLINICAL & DEVELOPMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY
Volume2011
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2011

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Immunotherapy
  • Neoplasms

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