The ‘I knew it all along’ phenomenon: second-order false belief understanding and the curse of knowledge in primary school children

Davide Massaro, Antonella Marchetti, Ilaria Castelli, Laura Sanvito

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

11 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated two different expressions of the so-called curse of knowl- edge in primary school children: hindsight bias and outcome bias. Further, it explored the possible predictive function of false belief understanding in reducing these biases. Ninety- one children aged 7, 9, and 11 years (middle- to upper-middle class) were administered classical first- and second-order false belief tasks as well as hindsight and outcome bias tasks in a within-subjects design, while controlling for cognitive level. Both biases were found at all ages. Second-order false belief understanding seemed to reduce outcome bias but not hindsight bias. These findings indicate that the curse of knowledge is a multifaceted construct with potential relevant implications for learning in children.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)311-326
Numero di pagine16
RivistaEuropean Journal of Psychology of Education
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014

Keywords

  • Curse of knowledge
  • Outcome bias

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