Background: In the present paper, malignant and nonmalignant human cells were compared in their response to a fraction (fraction D, FD) of a human placental extract. Materials and methods: The activity of FD was tested on cell proliferation both in the absence and in the presence of 5%, 10% and 15% fetal bovine serum (FBS). For cells growing in monolayers, the medium was renewed with fresh medium containing FD 24 hours after plating and 3 days after the first exposure. In breast cancer cells only, it was also changed after 6 days. For leukemic cells, which grow in suspension, FD was added directly to the medium the day of the seeding and then after 3 and 6 days. Results: In normal fibroblasts, when plated at a low density, a strong inhibitory effect on cell growth was seen with the highest FD dose. This effect was observed in the presence of 5% and 10% FBS, while it disappeared with 15% FBS. In endothelial cells, FD, in the presence of 5% or 10% FBS, produced a modest but constant inhibition of cell proliferation, which was evident after a short treatment and with almost every dose of FD. Breast cancer and leukemic cell lines, plated at a standard density, were markedly inhibited by FD, but this effect was reversed in serum-free conditions, at least in mammary cells. In leukemic cells, after an initial stimulatory effect, FD was not able to counterbalance the absence of serum. Conclusions: Our data seem to suggest that in FD both stimulating and inhibitory growth-factors coexist, the activity of which are greatly influenced by the culture conditions used.
|Numero di pagine||8|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 1999|
- cell proliferation, placental extract, fibroblasts, tumor cells