The main adverse reactions to coronary stents are in-stent restenosis (ISR) and stent thrombosis. Along with procedural factors, individual susceptibility to these events plays an important role. In particular, inflammatory status, as assessed by C-reactive protein levels, predicts the risk of ISR after bare-metal stent implantation, although it does not predict the risk of stent thrombosis. Conversely, C-reactive protein levels fail to predict the risk of ISR after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, although they appear to predict the risk of stent thrombosis. Of note, DES have abated ISR rates occurring in the classical 1-year window, but new concern is emerging regarding late restenosis and thrombosis. The pathogenesis of these late events seems to be related to delayed healing and allergic reactions to polymers, a process in which eosinophils seem to play an important role by enhancing restenosis and thrombosis. The identification of high-risk individuals based on biomarker assessment may be important for the management of patients receiving stent implantation. In this report, we review the evolving role of inflammatory biomarkers in predicting the risk of ISR and stent thrombosis.
- in-stent restenosis