The European Youth Guarantee: What Viability for Southern Member States? Evidence from Italy

Chiara Lodi Rizzini

Risultato della ricerca: Working paper

Abstract

Affecting more than 5 million young people, youth unemployment in Europe has reached unprecedented levels. In order to tackle the problem, the European Union has recently introduced the Youth Guarantee, a program aimed at encouraging Member States to: establish strong partnerships with stakeholders; ensure early intervention by employment services and other partners supporting young people; adopt measures to enable labour integration; and make full use of the European Social Fund and other structural EU funds. How incisive can the Youth Guarantee be for Southern European countries? The Italian example can contribute to offering answers through the discussion of three major arguments. First, Southern Member States are suffering from unemployment that is generally spread throughout the population, rather than being affecting only young people. How can they be offered new jobs if the whole economy is structurally weak? Secondly, the sub-national level lacks competencies and services to manage and implement Youth Guarantee schemes. Lastly, the financial constraints posed by austerity measures rule out the possibility to make all necessary adjustments at the national level through an increase in social expenditure. In conclusion, the paper argues that, when implementing a European policy such as the Youth Guarantee, the differences between countries have to be taken into account, rather than producing a “one-size-fits-all” policy solution. Otherwise, the Youth Guarantee risks to fail and exacerbate the division between a “good” and a “bad” Europe, as well as to perpetuate the Mediterranean model of welfare that sees families as the main source of welfare provision.
Lingua originaleEnglish
EditoreCentro di Ricerca e Documentazione Luigi Einaudi, Torino
Numero di pagine26
ISBN (stampa)22817921
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014

Keywords

  • disoccupazione giovanile
  • garanzia giovani
  • youth guarantee
  • youth unemployment

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