The emergence of mind. A Dualistic Understanding

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Abstract

Emergentism in the philosophy of mind maintains that mental phenomena are emergent over the physical ones, that is, that mental phenomena are new in comparison to their neurophysiological base. This essay tries to explain what "new" exactly means, by analyzing different emergence concepts, starting with the British Emergentists'. In a second step it tries to show that emergence can be a coherent concept iff we are ready to accept that the neurophysiological base is a necessary, but not a sufficient condition for the mental dimension. In order for the mental to emerge from its biological base, a non-material dimension of reality is needed, which has to be ontologically independent and existing from the beginning of the emergent process.If emergentists intend to achieve their non-reductivist aims, emergence must be understood dualistically.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteCausality. Meaningful Complexity and Embodied Cognition
EditorArturo Carsetti
Pagine265-273
Numero di pagine9
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2010

Serie di pubblicazioni

NomeSeries A: Philosophy and Methodology of the Social Sciences

Keywords

  • Dualism
  • Embodied cognition
  • Emergence
  • Mind Body Problem
  • complexity

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