The efficacy of telerehabilitation in dysphagic patients: a systematic review

Sara Nordio, T. Innocenti, M. Agostini, F. Meneghello, I. Battel

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

6 Citazioni (Scopus)


Telerehabilitation is the use of telecommunications technology for rehabilitation. Recently, some studies have shown positive effects of telerehabilitation of swallowing disorders, yet there are no systematic reviews verifying the evidence. The aim of this review is to assess the effects of telerehabilitation in the field of dysphagia as an alternative to face-to-face patient care, considering swallowing recovery and/or quality of life in different patient populations. We searched the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Google Search and the grey literature from inception until December 2016 for publications written in English (keywords: telerehabilitation, telemedicine, dysphagia, swallowing disorders), which resulted in 330 records. Abstract screening and data extraction was carried out independently by two reviewers. Four papers were selected to read in full, and the methodological quality of the studies included was evaluated using Cochrane Collaboration’s tool for assessing risk of bias. One study met our inclusion criteria (Wall et al. 2016), which showed that telerehabilitation improves adherence to treatment compared to patient-directed intervention. Although adherence is an important factor that influences the treatment outcome, clinical outcomes have to be examined in randomised controlled trials in order to reach evidence in this field. Lastly, this systematic review did not demonstrate the efficacy of telerehabilitation compared with face-to face therapy.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)79-85
Numero di pagine7
RivistaActa Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018
Pubblicato esternamente


  • Deglutition
  • Deglutition Disorders
  • Dysphagia
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life
  • Swallowing disorders
  • Telemedicine
  • Telerehabilitation
  • Treatment Outcome


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