Oat (Avena sativa L.) is widely appreciated for its beneficial properties for human health, which have led to the introduction of more food products on the market, including oat beverages. The fibre components found in the oat are recognized for their beneficial effects, despite other bioactive compounds with healthy properties being present. This work aimed to evaluate the metabolites profile of a commercial oat beverage, either fermented with lactic bacteria or not, following in vitro gastro-intestinal digestion. UHPLC-QTOF untargeted metabolomics allowed investigation of the bioaccessibility of health-related metabolites from the oat beverage at the intestinal level. The results identified flavonoids, phenolic acids (avenanthramides), amino acids and steroids as the major classes of compounds. In particular, after in vitro digestion, amino acids, peptides, and phenolic acids showed the highest increases. The co-fermentation of oat milk by Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobacterium spp. strains decreased the levels of both lignans and phytic acid, while increased the levels of some polyphenols like avenanthramides. Furthermore, fermentation by microorganisms increased the bioaccessibility of specific amino acids, vitamins, and polyphenols (flavonoids and phenolic acids). Interestingly, despite lacking a significant part of beta-glucans, the HPAEC-PAD profiling of our oat beverage evidenced that the fermentation process did not alter the oligosaccharides profile, thus preserving its prebiotic potential. The phytochemical profile of oat milk was shown to have a functional potential. Nonetheless, the fermentation by bacterial strains changed the profile of metabolites during in vitro digestion, thus offering an interesting option in the future development of cereal-based beverages.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)110216-110216
Numero di pagine1
RivistaFood Research International
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021


  • Carbohydrates profile
  • Fermentation
  • Foodomics
  • Functional foods
  • In vitro digestion
  • Oat beverage


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